Textiles & Textile Auxiliaries

Textile or fabric testing is extremely important in determining the quality and performance of products, and also establishing regulatory compliance with the various stringent standards set by various government bodies. Textiles directly get into touch with our bodies, and so testing for such chemical compounds which affect the health (specifically skin) of an individual is crucial, and this becomes even more important for infants and children whose skins are far more sensitive than that of adults.
There are various testing parameters of textiles which have been devised to determine the performance and safety of the products. The importance of testing of textiles is important for the following reasons :


  • » Ensuring quality conformance of raw materials.
  • » Checking quality, in terms of performance and safety, of final products.
  • » Improving manufacturing process in a cost-effective manner.
  • » Ensuring customer satisfaction.

Shivmalhar Laboratories provides excellent and reliable testing services related to textiles to its customers. It manages to do so by dint of its world-class laboratory facilities and extremely competent lab staff. Some of the test parameters of textiles are as follows :

Fiber Composition

  • » Qualitative
  • » Quantitatives

Fabric Construction Tests

  • » Count of yarn from fabric
  • » Ends and picks per unit length in woven fabric
  • » Courses and Wales per unit length in knitted fabric
  • » Fabric width
  • » Weight per square unit
  • » Linear weight
  • » Crimp
  • » Type of weave
  • » Twist of yarn
  • » Cover Factor

Strength & Other Physical Properties

  • » Tensile strength: Grab/Cut strip/Raveled strip
  • » Tear strength (Elmendorf, Single Rip)
  • » Bursting strength (Diaphragm / Ballburst)
  • » Pilling resistance:ICI pilling box /MartindaleTester/ Random pilling test
  • » Martindale Abrasion Resistance
  • » Seam Slippage/Seam strength
  • » Stretch & recovery
  • » Crease recovery angle
  • » Absorbency test (Water Drop method)
  • » Water repellency test (Spray Test)

Shrinkage Related Test

  • » Dimensional stability to washing of fabric
  • » Garment shrinkage
  • » Appearance after washing
  • » Change in skewness in fabrics/Side seam twist in garment after laundering
  • » Relaxation Shrinkage
  • » Shrinkage to dry heat

Colour Fastness Tests

  • » Washing
  • » Crocking
  • » Perspiration / Saliva
  • » Dry Cleaning
  • » Chlorine Bleach
  • » Non Chlorine Bleach
  • » Sublimation
  • » Chlorinated Pool water
  • » Hot Pressing
  • » Organic Solvent
  • » Actual Laundering
  • » Light
  • » Water
  • » Water Spotting, Acid Spotting, Alkaline Spotting
  • » Sea water
  • » Chlorinated water
  • » Print durability
  • » Non chlorine bleach in home laundering (AATCC-172)

Flammability Of Textiles

  • » Tensile strength: Grab/Cut strip/Raveled strip
  • » Tear strength (Elmendorf, Single Rip)
  • » Bursting strength (Diaphragm / Ballburst)
  • » Pilling resistance:ICI pilling box /MartindaleTester/ Random pilling test
  • » Martindale Abrasion Resistance
  • » Seam Slippage/Seam strength
  • » Stretch & recovery
  • » Crease recovery angle
  • » Absorbency test (Water Drop method)
  • » Water repellency test (Spray Test)

Flammability Of Textiles

  • » Inclined plane flammability test (45 Degree)
  • » Vertical flammability test

Miscellaneous Tests

  • » Fabric defect analysis
  • » Wash care instruction
  • » Water soluble matter
  • » Total size on the fabric
  • » Test for mercerization(Barium activity number)
  • » Identification of dye or print used on the fabric/Garment

Yarn Tests

  • » Yarn Count/Denier
  • » Count with CV%
  • » Lea Breaking Strength
  • » Lea Breaking Strength with CV%
  • » Single Yarn Breaking Strength
  • » Twist & Ply
  • » Number of filaments

Test For Towels

  • » Count of WARP, WEFT & PILE Yarns
  • » Construction: WARP, WEFT & PILE
  • » Terry ratio : WARP to PILE length measurement
  • » Pile height

Zipper / Buttons / Buckles / Snaps / Lace / Velcro / Elastic Tape

  • » Count of WARP, WEFT & PILE Yarns
  • » Construction: WARP, WEFT & PILE
  • » Terry ratio : WARP to PILE length measurement
  • » Pile height

Eco-Friendly Tests

  • » pH value
  • » Conductivity of water extract
  • » Azo free (Cleavable amines)
  • » Formaldehyde (Free & Released)
  • » Nickel and other heavy metals
  • » Residual Chlorine

Chemical Tests

  • » Ash
  • » Chloride Content
  • » Heavy Metals (Pb, Cd, Ni)
  • » Moisture
  • » Oil Content
  • » pH Value
  • » Sulphate Content
  • » Water Soluble Extract
  • » Bitumen in laminated
  • » Wool Content
  • » Barium Activity
  • » Scouring Loss
  • » Residual Starch Content
  • » Identification of dye
  • » Solvent extractable